AskDefine | Define pome

Dictionary Definition

pome n : a fleshy fruit (apple or pear or related fruits) having seed chambers and an outer fleshy part [syn: false fruit]

Extensive Definition

In botany, a pome (after the Latin name for an apple: pomum) is a type of fruit produced by flowering plants in the Subfamily Maloideae of the Family Rosaceae.
A pome is an accessory fruit composed of five or more carpels in which the exocarp forms an inconspicuous layer. The mesocarp is usually fleshy, and the endocarp forms a leathery case around the seed. Outside of the endocarp is the most edible part of this fruit, derived from the floral tube (torus) and other parts, which corresponds to what is commonly called the core. The shriveled remains of the sepals, style and stamens can be seen at the end of a pome opposite the stem, demonstrating that the ovary is inferior in these flowers.
The best-known example of a pome is the apple. Other examples of plants that produce fruit classified as a pome are cotoneaster, hawthorn, loquat, medlar, pear, Pyracantha, quince, rowan, and whitebeam.
pome in Min Nan: Jîn-kó
pome in Catalan: Pom (botànica)
pome in Czech: Malvice
pome in German: Apfelfrucht
pome in Spanish: Pomo (fruto)
pome in Esperanto: Pomofrukto
pome in French: Piridion
pome in Italian: Pomo
pome in Lithuanian: Obuolėlis
pome in Chinese: 梨果
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